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Access to Reinforcement

The function behind a behavior must be found before a plan can be made to reduce a behavior. The function is determined by performing a functional assessment. If the individual emits the behavior in order to obtain a preferred item, then this behavior is labeled as “access to reinforcement” or “tangible maintained.” Once the function is identified, the individual can learn more appropriate ways to gain access to preferred items. Functional communication training can be used to teach carrier phrases such as: “I want” and “can I have.”  If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

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What is “self-talk”?

In Speech-Language Pathology, “self-talk” is a technique to promote your child’s speech and language development.  To use “self-talk” at home, narrate what your child is seeing, hearing, touching, or doing out loud.  Speak to your child’s level (keep it simple!), and don’t expect your child to reply.  For example, as your child is making and eating breakfast “pour milk” or “mmmm, eating cereal”.  If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

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“OWL” in for Language!

Use the acronym “O.W.L” (from the Hanen Centre) to let your child lead in communication interactions. First, Observe: Notice what your child is looking at or what he/she is interested in.  Next, Wait: Give your child some space to start an interaction or respond to you.  Lean forward and look expectantly!  Last, Listen: Pay close attention to all words and sounds.  OWL to open up opportunities for communication! If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

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Why why why?! The Importance of Questions

Why do speech-language pathologists care about questions?  Did you know that children develop their grasp on asking and answering question words in a pretty predictable order? Usually, “what” comes first, followed by “who” and “where”.  “When” is a tougher question word, and “why” is the toughest of all.  Mastering question words lays important language groundwork! If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

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What are Social-Emotional skills?

Social-emotional development refers to the ability to form and sustain positive relationships; as well as the ability to experience, manage and express emotions. This skill is essential to form lasting bonds between family members, caregivers, and peers. Managing emotions during times of success, failure, embarrassment, and pride are also sources of stress for children but are necessary to experience and learn from as they age. If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

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The Functions of Behavior

In Applied Behavior Analysis, there are four main functions of behavior: escape, attention, automatic reinforcement, and access to reinforcement. The escape function occurs when the individual wants to avoid completing a task he/she does not want to do. The attention seeking behavior occurs when an individual behaves in a way that gains them attention from those around them. Automatic reinforcement is a behavior that an individual exhibits because it is self-stimulating. The access to reinforcement behavior occurs when an individual behaves in order to obtain a reinforcing item. In ABA, knowing the function of a behavior is the first step to developing a plan for intervention. If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

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What are “Phonological Processes”?

Most children make pretty predictable “errors” when they are learning to talk.  A “speech sound disorder” may be diagnosed by a speech-language pathologist when speech mistakes occur past a certain age.  Speech sound disorders can be due to problems with articulation (errors in making sounds) or phonological processes (errors in sound patterns).  A child may have one or many “patterns” they are working on in speech therapy. Therapy for an articulation disorder will be different than therapy for a phonological disorder! If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000

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Sensory games don’t have to be messy

Like any Occupational Therapist worth their salt in this digital age, I follow quite a few OT blogs. I like to keep up on the latest DIY projects to offer parents a way to replicate some of the activities that their child engages in while at the clinic. The most recent projects that have been popping on my various news feeds have been DIY Sensory Walks. This involves acquiring a variety of textured items and creating a walkway. This picture (found on Pinterest), is a great example of how everyday items can be turned into a sensory storm! This type of sensory input can be done with hands or feet and is a great way to encourage exploration. One of the most fun ways to receive sensory input is to create “Sensory Twister”. This was discovered on theinspiredtreehouse.com and is a great example of how to make sensory play fun without the mess! If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

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What is bilateral coordination?

Bilateral coordination is something we all use every day. It is the smooth and fluid coordination of both sides of our body at the same time. Examples of activities that required bilateral coordination are walking, skipping, cutting/gluing for craft activities, getting dressed, and many more! There are lots of creative ways to work on bilateral coordination! You could blow bubbles and clap your hands together to pop them, string beads onto pipe cleaners to make caterpillars, or play hopscotch! Interested in more ways to work on bilateral coordination? Contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Shoot us an email at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000

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Did you know that “language” is different from “speech”?

If you or your child visit a speech-language pathologist, the differences between receiving “speech” therapy or “language” therapy can get confusing.  Speech is a verbal way of communicating, and depends on how we make sounds in patterns that are understood by those around us.  Language is made up of a socially shared code of rules that include how words go together grammatically, what words mean, how to make new words (pre+test=pretest), and how to use communication socially. If you want to learn more or inquire about our speech and language therapy services, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Reach us by email at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or by phone at (425)-748-7000

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