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Access to Reinforcement

The function behind a behavior must be found before a plan can be made to reduce a behavior. The function is determined by performing a functional assessment. If the individual emits the behavior in order to obtain a preferred item, then this behavior is labeled as “access to reinforcement” or “tangible maintained.” Once the function is identified, the individual can learn more appropriate ways to gain access to preferred items. Functional communication training can be used to teach carrier phrases such as: “I want” and “can I have.”  If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

143fe870-3849-4d4d-bd72-7206ca0b31f9

143fe870-3849-4d4d-bd72-7206ca0b31f9

The Functions of Behavior

In Applied Behavior Analysis, there are four main functions of behavior: escape, attention, automatic reinforcement, and access to reinforcement. The escape function occurs when the individual wants to avoid completing a task he/she does not want to do. The attention seeking behavior occurs when an individual behaves in a way that gains them attention from those around them. Automatic reinforcement is a behavior that an individual exhibits because it is self-stimulating. The access to reinforcement behavior occurs when an individual behaves in order to obtain a reinforcing item. In ABA, knowing the function of a behavior is the first step to developing a plan for intervention. If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at contact@cogwheelclinic.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.

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