The function behind a behavior must be found before a plan can be made to reduce a behavior. The function is determined by performing a functional assessment. If the individual emits the behavior in order to obtain a preferred item, then this behavior is labeled as “access to reinforcement” or “tangible maintained.” Once the function is identified, the individual can learn more appropriate ways to gain access to preferred items. Functional communication training can be used to teach carrier phrases such as: “I want” and “can I have.” If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.
In Applied Behavior Analysis, there are four main functions of behavior: escape, attention, automatic reinforcement, and access to reinforcement. The escape function occurs when the individual wants to avoid completing a task he/she does not want to do. The attention seeking behavior occurs when an individual behaves in a way that gains them attention from those around them. Automatic reinforcement is a behavior that an individual exhibits because it is self-stimulating. The access to reinforcement behavior occurs when an individual behaves in order to obtain a reinforcing item. In ABA, knowing the function of a behavior is the first step to developing a plan for intervention. If you want to learn more, contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at email@example.com or give us a call at (425)-748-7000.
Praise is a great form of reinforcement to inform your child that you are proud of what they did. Some children love that form of attention from their parent. How is behavior specific praise different than praise? Behavior specific praise highlights the behavior that is being reinforced. For example, “I love how you closed the door behind you!” or “Amazing work completing your homework!” This is a strategy that is effective in indicating to your child the specific behavior was performed correctly. Use this strategy to increase appropriate behaviors as your child displays them. It may seem silly to constantly be rewarding “typical” behavior, but, if a behavior is never reinforced how should a child know they are doing something correct? Interested in learning more? Contact Cogwheel Clinic today! Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or give us a call at (425)-748-700.